Thereafter, the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) was stationed in Sinai to prevent any further conflict in the Sinai. Our scientists discovered how cells communicate with each other and also developed the first two human embryonic stem cell lines in Canada, two incredibly important advances in the progress of genomic medicine worldwide. In 1923, The Hebrew Maternity and Convalescent Hospital opened its doors. J. Paul Getty Museum and Lyn Goldfarb Productions, Inc., 2006. Mount Sinai's rocks were formed in the late stage of the Arabian-Nubian Shield's (ANS) evolution. , Peninsula in Egypt between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, January 2018 population data gives the North and South governorates' population at approximately 560,000 (per. In August of 1913, four immigrant women from Toronto’s Jewish community started knocking on neighbourhood doors to raise money for a hospital. The peninsula was governed as part of Egypt under the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt from 1260 until 1517, when the Ottoman Sultan, Selim the Grim, defeated the Egyptians at the Battles of Marj Dabiq and al-Raydaniyya, and incorporated Egypt into the Ottoman Empire.  In order to help alleviate their problems, various NGOs began to operate in the region, including the Makhad Trust, a UK charity that assists the Bedouin in developing a sustainable income while protecting Sinai's natural environment, heritage and culture. 600 University Avenue Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1X5 Phone: 416-586-4800 Get Directions , Sinai is one of the coldest provinces in Egypt because of its high altitudes and mountainous topographies. This figure rises to 1,400,000 by including Western Sinai, the parts of the Port Said, Ismailia and Suez Governorates lying east of the Suez Canal.  Administratively, the vast majority of the area of the Sinai Peninsula is divided into two governorates: the South Sinai Governorate and the North Sinai Governorate. “Egypt Expeditions.” Operation Wallacea. There is no archaeological evidence that the 7,500-foot Mount Sinai — also called Mount Horeb in the Old Testament and known as Jebel Musa (Moses’ mountain) to Muslims — is indeed the holy peak mentioned in the Biblical account. Researchers, including British, North American and Egyptian university students, are monitoring wildlife and creating an atlas of rare, threatened and endemic species in the St. Catherine Protectorate. Three other governorates span the Suez Canal, crossing into African Egypt: Suez Governorate on the southern end of the Suez Canal, Ismailia Governorate in the center, and Port Said Governorate in the north. The Monastery of St. Catherine has been engaged in conservation work of its own.  As of 2020[update], Mount Sinai Medical Center is the only hospital and largest employer on Miami Beach. Political struggles over the millennia have failed to diminish the importance of this sacred landscape, and today it enjoys national and international protection to preserve its legacy, which faces a threat from rising tourism. “The Monk Who Would Give Us History.” Parade Magazine, May 15, 2005. In August of 1913, four immigrant women from Toronto’s Jewish community started knocking on neighbourhood doors to raise money for a hospital. The St. Catherine area faces a challenge common to many sacred places: tourism, which has negatively impacted physical structures, the natural environment, and the traditional way of life of local Bedouin communities. Ancient History. It grew from 30 beds to 472 and it became, in very short order, one of North America’s pre-eminent medical, teaching and research institutions. The Israeli pull-out involved dismantling almost all Israeli settlements, including the settlement of Yamit in north-eastern Sinai. The granites range in composition from syenogranite to alkali feldspar granite. At its zenith, in the 14th century, the Greek Orthodox monastery was inhabited by about 200 monks; today there are only about 20. Decolonization and Resentment During the Suez Crisis, Six-Day War in 1967 Reshaped the Middle East, The Camp David Accords, Jimmy Carter's 1978 Middle East Peace Plan, Commonly Asked Questions About Continents, A Brief History of U.S.-Israeli-Palestinian Relations, U.S. Policy in the Middle East: 1945 to 2008, B.A., Politics and History, New York University. The Way of Horus connected it across northern Sinai with ancient Canaan. The Sinai Peninsula became part of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea.. Other larger settlements include Sharm el-Sheikh and El-Tor, on the southern coast. There’s been an amazing continuity that defies all human explanation. According to Meron Estifanos, Eritrean refugees are often kidnapped by Bedouin in the northern Sinai, tortured, raped, and only released after receiving a large ransom. The first phase of the project, a condition survey of the library’s 3,307 bound manuscripts that will facilitate future preservation work, was completed in March 2006; the second phase, and a survey of 1,000 early printed books, was completed in 2008. It is linked to the African continent by the Isthmus of Suez, 125 kilometres (78 mi) wide strip of land, containing the Suez Canal. This time, Moses received the Ten Commandments, the tablets of law enshrining God’s covenant with the Israelites. The Bedouin Support Program features an educational plan to reinstitute traditional conservation practices like the tribal law of hilf, the controlled, seasonal use of pasture, and a women’s cooperative, Fansina, which produces and markets traditional handicrafts. Mammals such as wildcats, wolves, hyenas, leopards and ibexes live there, along with almost 50 reptile species, 150 species of migratory birds, and the world’s smallest butterfly, the Sinai Baton Blue. The modern Arabic is an adoption of the biblical name, the 19th-century Arabic designation of Sinai was Jebel el-Tûr.