Group organization is argued to be the major determinant of mobilization potential and patterns. The article examines the World Social Forum as a new kind of public space, ‘placed’ but transnational, and giving rise to a transnational subaltern counterpublic. A conflict-centered model of the world polity is developed here that explains world political participation as a function of material and symbolic conflict. And the sources of this anxiety are many: Social scientists (especially economists) worry about whether markets and deregulation produce greater wealth at the price of increased inequality. The following interview focuses on the relationship between democratic theory and practice, the difference between social movement actors and democratic professionals, and the challenges of bringing democratic change and sustaining it in existing institutions, organizations and work places. Historians, ever worried about the problem of the new, real- ize that globalization may not be a member of the familiar archive of large-scale historical shifts. explores the controversies generated by the strategy of market mainstreaming in the sector, and focuses on five key issues With that point established, this project will make a further study of how the coca economy simultaneously threatens to undermine the progress it has made in these areas as progress is made toward the international goal of bringing the drug trade to an end in Bolivia. Yet for global governance to succeed, governments will also have to enlist the active cooperation The article suggests a typology of responses by social movement actors of nonstate actors’ (Reinicke, 1998, 219). Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. I also argue that the stigmas that set cannabis apart from other (more legal sectors) and present challenges to ethical consumerism in cannabis are directly related to the War on Drugs. In December 2001, green coffee commodity prices hit a 30-year low. The NGO-based initiatives are diverse; they may focus on improving the lot of small farmers via Fair Trade, emphasize environmental protection, provide technical and/or business assistance to producers, or offer differentiating certifications based how producers score on a long list of social and environmental indicators. Similarly, our universities were not outsiders to the wave of protests and radicalization of the sixties. This collaborative endeavour proposes to advance a convergence, already underway, across a theoretically and empirically rich existing scholarship, distinguished by a concern for the complexity of global public policy delivery. to this increased corporate participation, and assesses the relevance of the U.S. case for the future prospects of fair trade, This trend is similar, in a number of ways, to the "double movement" described by Karl Polanyi in The Great Transformation. Although remittances from migrants help finance coffee production, increased migration drains human capital out of the region, which raises the opportunity cost of labor and hence local wages. Powerful states dominate IGOs less now than they did in 1960, but rich, core, Western societies have grown more dominant in the INGO field. 9.Polity in Institutional Context. In some instances, these arrangements complement existing interstate regimes, in other cases, they substitute for or are opposed to such institutions. Contributes to a better understanding of the need for multilateral economic cooperation and global governance of national economic policies for sustainable development. Fair Labor and Environmentally Sound Practices in the Specialty Coffee Industry, The Spiral of Capitalism and Socialism: Toward Global Democracy, Private international regimes and interfirm cooperation, New Politics Emerging at the US Social Forum1, Are Sustainable Coffee Certifications Enough to Secure Farmer Livelihoods? Equally, however, the term points to other complex linkages, not only. Fairtrade is a transnational voluntary labelling initiative that aims to upgrade the social, economic, and environmental conditions of producers in developing countries. Political scientists worry that their field might vanish along with their favorite object, the nation-state, if globaliza- tion truly creates a "world without borders." KIM YOUNG S. 6. Outside the academy there are quite different worries about globalization that include such questions as: What does globalization mean for labor markets and. Findings suggest that households connected to Fair Trade cooperatives experienced several positive impacts in education, infrastructure investment, and monetary savings. Fair trade: Institutions and balance of power. While this mainstreaming has supported a booming Fairtrade market, which reached €8.5bn in global sales in 2017 (Fairtrade International, 2018a), the formalisation, standardisation and professionalisation that has accompanied this has significant implications for whose ideas of trade justice are implemented and who benefits, ... Business interests are becoming increasingly active in the governance of global multistakeholder sustainability standards more broadly, particularly in policy framing and standards design (Jaffee, 2012;Utting, 2015). Working off-campus? (Boli and Thomas, 1999; Florini, 2000; Held et al., 1999), while others denounce an increasing transnational capitalist hegemony The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements. He has been awarded many fellowships and research grants and has lectured throughout the world; he often appears on radio and television and is a regular contributor to The Times Literary Supplement. Of particular importance is the growing influence of food retailers as they rapidly become more global and oligopolistic. Mexican coffee growers have been negatively affected by low world coffee prices coupled with reduced government support. 11.Law in Institutional Context. 7.Religion in Institutional Context. Deepening interdependence of cross‐border activity belies the relative absence of governance mechanisms capable of effectively tackling major global policy challenges. uphold current standards. The movement to certify and promote fairly traded coffee is one of many efforts aimed at linking social responsibility and free market capitalism. Combined with issues around how to include producers in governance, this has led to feelings of disconnection and disenfranchisement for the latter, which are impacting on Fairtrade’s effectiveness and legitimacy. We argue that, while Fair Traders have achieved some laudable goals, they must now address the limits to supply-driven marketing efforts. They describe a spiral of capitalism and socialism - of economic expansion and social progress - that creates repeated opportunities for positive transformation at the global level. The author argues that transnational feminisms have been among the significant forces constituting the WSF, although this has been uneven across different time-spaces and scales of the WSF. Scholars of Spain’s democratic transition vary considerably in the role they attribute to movements. For others it is a case of social movement activism creating problems those elites were able to solve through a shrewdly designed democratizing process. Since 2001 the WSF has brought together hundreds of thousands of activists from all parts of the world. engendered a contentious movement sector. The findings raise doubts about the sustainability of the Fair Trade-organic coffee model in the face of migration opportunities.A Chinese version of this article's abstract is available online at: www.informaworld.com/rglo, lobalization is certainly a source of anxiety in the U.S. academic world. The aim is to identify conditions of success and failure. The first is known in continental history as the early 20th century University Reform, an event that laid the foundations for the democratization of Latin American universities, Social movements not only challenge political institutions, but also interact with them in diverse arenas.